A government official and leading expert on isolated Amazon tribes has been killed by an arrow that struck him in the chest as he approached an Indigenous group he was seeking to shield, friends and a police witness said.
Rieli Franciscato, 56, had spent his career as an official in the government’s Indigenous affairs agency, Funai, working to set up reservations that protect uncontacted tribes.
On Wednesday, as he moved close to a hitherto uncontacted Indigenous group, he was hit by an arrow above the heart in the forest next to the Uru Eu Wau Wau reservation in the western Brazilian state of Rondonia near the border with Bolivia.
Rieli Franciscato had spent his career as an official in the government’s Indigenous affairs agency Funai.
“He cried out, pulled the arrow from his chest, ran 50 metres and collapsed, lifeless,” a policeman who accompanied the expedition said in an audio posted on social media.
The Kaninde ethno-environmental defense NGO he helped found in the 1980s said the Indigenous group had no ability to distinguish between a friend or a foe from the outside world.
His death comes at a time when Indigenous people in Brazil are under increasing threat from invasions by illegal land grabbers, loggers and gold miners, emboldened by the policies of populist President Jair Bolsonaro who wants to develop the Amazon and reduce the size of Indigenous reservations.
“We are feeling bewildered by so many deaths in this Brazil that no longer respects Indigenous rights,” said Ivaneide Cardozo, his friend and co-founder of the Kaninde association.
The leading authority on Brazil’s remaining isolated tribes and a former head of Funai, Sydney Possuelo, said Mr Bolsonaro had kept his campaign promise to destroy the agency that is meant to defend rights of Indigenous people.
The Uru Eu Wau Wau are famous for tattooing around their mouths with genipapo, a black dye made from Amazonian fruit.
Mr Possuelo said the government had defunded Funai and left it without staff needed for security at its isolated posts just as increasing land invasions increase the risk of violent clashes.
Brazil’s presidency did not immediately respond to a request for comment. Mr Bolsonaro has repeatedly proposed the need to integrate the Indigenous, who he has described as living “like cave men,” into broader Brazilian society.
“Rieli was a calm, methodical, soft-spoken man who knew the dangers very well, but he was alone and so he went to ask the police to accompany him,” Mr Possuelo said. The presence of police, he explained, might have triggered the attack.