All but one of Australia’s states and territories have agreed to look at a hotspot model to guide travel across most of the country as part of a goal to ease coronavirus-related border restrictions by Christmas.

Western Australia was the outlier to Friday’s agreement after the cabinet abandoned its consensus approach, with Prime Minister Scott Morrison saying Australia is “too diverse a place” to think all jurisdictions would always come to the same point on every issue.

Speaking after the meeting, Mr Morrison said it wasn’t surprising that they all had different outlooks on what challenges they faced.

“We’ve decided that this notion of 100 per cent, absolute consensus on any issue is not a way that the national cabinet can indeed work,” he told reporters.

The prime minister said seven states and territories agreed the concept of using a hotspot approach to managing movement of people around the country should be pursued.

He said it was necessary to put a plan and protections in place “so as we open up … states can look at each other and be more confident about how people can move between the various jurisdictions”.

“The idea of ultimately moving beyond a situation where you have hard borders, but you move to a situation where you can have a workable hotspot concept, then that is something we are going to give our best possible go to define and to make work,” Mr Morrison said.

“States, of course, will reserve ultimately the decisions they take, but all of those who have committed to this path have agreed that we should work hard to get that in its best possible form.” 

Australia will also look to apply the same hotspot approach to allow New Zealanders into the country.

“That doesn’t mean Australians can go to New Zealand, that’s a matter for Prime Minister [Jacinda] Ardern,” Mr Morrison said.

“But if there’s no COVID in Christchurch, and there’s COVID in Queensland, then there’s no reason both of them can’t come to Sydney.”

The chief medical officer has offered a definition of a hotspot as a starting point for a model, but there will be more talks about how it will be defined.

Western Australian Premier Mark MacGowan said he had made it clear that his state would not agree to a hotspot model to replace its successful border controls.

“Unlike the rest of the country, WA is not currently in a recession. So we won’t be prematurely reopening our borders,” Mr MacGowan told reporters.

“If we went too soon, it could be deadly and there would be economic devastation.”

NSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian said she was excited at the prospect of New Zealanders being able to visit the state, saying anything to support the tourism and hospitality sectors is critical.

She again urged Queensland Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk to consider the impact her state’s border closure was having on communities.

Ms Palaszczuk earlier on Friday called out “relentless” and “intimidating” criticism of her border closures, and indicated she wouldn’t budge on the issue until it was safe to do so.

Also at the national cabinet meeting, it was agreed that Australia needed to boost inbound arrivals, particularly for Australian citizens seeking to come home.

At the moment, only 4,000 people are allowed into Australia each week, but about 23,000 Australians are trying to return.

Mr Morrison said NSW had been doing “all the heavy lifting” in taking arrivals and was at capacity, so the transport minister would work to see if they could get more flights arriving at other ports, such as Perth, Adelaide, Darwin, the ACT or Tasmania.

“We want to get more Australians home. And we need to do that safely as well, and not compromise the quarantine arrangements we have here,” he said.


An agricultural code to allow seasonal workers to travel over state lines was adopted by five out of eight states and territories, with Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania opting out.

Meanwhile, Australia’s international travel ban has been extended for three months.

Cruise ships and regular international flights will remain suspended under an extension to the human biosecurity emergency period.

Additional reporting by AAP.


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